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Distinctive architecture, working with a close connection to land and nature, centered by a deep respect for the architecture and craft traditions of Japan, as well as the early buildings and landscapes of Pennsylvania — this was the common ground for a tight-knit circle of artists and architects who expanded the parameters of modernism in the Philadelphia region and beyond. Presented in one of Yoshimura's pivotal works, Shofuso — the Japanese House and Garden in Philadelphia, completed in — this exhibition features original furniture and textile designs, documentary film , and an installation of newly commissioned photography, to explore this circle's connections with Japan and the translation of those experiences into design and built architectural work in the Philadelphia region during the middle years of the twentieth century. Together, their environmentally and culturally sensitive design philosophies resonated globally and continue to influence architecture and design today. Online documentary film launch discussion with Nadia Hironaka and Matthew Suib 6pm—pm, online.
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Landscaping America: Beyond the Japanese Garden to Explore Influence of Japanese American Gardeners
Shofuso was built in as a gift from Japan to American citizens, to symbolize post-war peace and friendship between the two countries. The building was constructed using traditional Japanese techniques and materials imported from Japan, and was originally exhibited in the courtyard of the Museum of Modern Art MoMA in New York.
After two years, it was relocated to Philadelphia and reconstructed inIn , contemporary Nihonga artist Hiroshi Senju created and donated an interior installation of twenty waterfall murals. Shofuso is owned by the city of Philadelphia and is administered, maintained, preserved, and operated by the Japan America Society of Greater Philadelphia , a private nonprofit.
MoMA initiated their series of "House in the Garden" exhibitions in the courtyard of the Museum inArchitectural director Philip Johnson and curator Arthur Drexler recognized the correspondence between modernism in the Western house and traditional Japanese architecture and proposed to build a Japanese house as the third exhibit of the series. John D. The Japan-America Society JAS agreed to sponsor the project, and declared that the Japanese House should be donated by Japan as a gift to American people in order to promote the cultural exchange.
A special Rockefeller Architectural Committee was formed and recommended a 17th-century shoin-zukuri house for the exhibit since that style most typically represents Japanese traditional architecture. The Committee unanimously chose Junzo Yoshimura to design the house. The 11th generation master carpenter, Heizaemon Ito was chosen to oversee the construction. Ito's family has been master carpenter of Lord Tokugawa, the shogunate family that ruled Japan throughout the Edo period , since the 17th century.
Pre-assembly of the house began in January at Ito's workshop in Nagoya, and was completed a year later, using the traditional Japanese method of building, which minimizes the use of structural nails, employing various joineries through the use of hand tools. The house was then disassembled and shipped to New York. The reassembly team led by architect Yoshimura arrived at New York in March, and completed the construction mid-June with help of a cadre of Hawaiian Nisei carpenters.
The American public was impressed with the beauty of natural wood, simple interior design, and the house's flexible plan.
The exhibit was closed on October 16, , after attracting almost a quarter of million visitors in two seasons, approximately three times as many visitors as the two previous MoMA House and Garden exhibits a house by architect Marcel Breuer that exists today at Kykuit , the Rockefeller family estate in Pocantico Hills, NY, and a house by architect Gregory Ain , demolished after the exhibition.
Nio-Mon Temple Gate was a c. Louis, Missouri.Also known as the "Japanese Pagoda", the area surrounding it was landscaped with a Japanese garden and lotus pond in , funded by John T. A fire completely destroyed the Temple Gate on the evening of May 6, ,  and thereby, as fate would have it, creating an ideal site for Shofuso. MoMA received a number of inquiries on the possibility of permanent exhibition of Shofuso. The final decision was to offer Shofuso as a gift to the Fairmount Park Commission in Philadelphia,  a decision likely inspired by the presence of the Japanese garden in the park.
The present setting of Shofuso was opened to the public on October 19,Over the years, Shofuso fell into disrepair due to lack of maintenance. The nonprofit administered Shofuso from to , when it merged with the Japan America Society of Greater Philadelphia , a private nonprofit which produces the Subaru Cherry Blossom Festival of Greater Philadelphia. The " tokonoma " alcove and " fusuma " sliding doors of Shofuso at MoMA were decorated with murals painted in black ink by Kaii Higashiyama.
All were destroyed by vandalism. In , the internationally acclaimed Japanese painter, Hiroshi Senju offered to donate twenty murals to Shofuso.
The paintings were rendered on mulberry paper specially fabricated by a master paper maker. Shofuso is the first and only place in the United States to house a combination of Japanese contemporary art in the background of traditional Japanese architecture.
Street issued a proclamation naming April 27 "Senju Day". It was built following set of standards that determined the proportions of each element of the building.
Following these guidelines, carpenters and builders could achieve an overall architectural harmony. Architect Yoshimura modified the design of Kojo-in to fit in the courtyard of MoMA and added a kitchen, bath and tea house to create a functional house.
The tea house was modeled after the famous tea house. Shofuso's garden at MoMA was designed by Tansai Sano, a landscape architect in Kyoto whose family had been caretakers of the famous dry garden in Ryoan-ji temple for six generations. The original garden at Fairmount Park was built by Y. Muto for the temple gate inDuring the installation of his new garden designed to accommodate Shofuso after its move from New York, Tansai Sano modified the design by installing a waterfall and adding new planting scheme.
In , at the time of major restoration, Ken Nakajima further modified it installing the berm. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Traditional Japanese garden in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. Flying Kite Media. Archived from the original onRetrievedCity of Philadelphia. Mint U. District Court for the Eastern Dist. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit.
Centre Franklin Logan Rittenhouse Washington. Category Commons Portal. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Bright blue sky over the Japanese House. Shoin-Zukuri 17th Century. Horticultural and Lansdowne Drs. West Fairmount Park. Junzo Yoshimura. Bright haze looking at the waterfall from the Tea Garden.
Nickname: City of Brotherly Love.
T here are more than public Japanese gardens in North America. A few dozen of them are particularly noteworthy. In JOJG launched a survey to try to identify those top gardens. Our primary goal was to help JOJG readers decide which ones to visit. Another goal was to recognize outstanding gardens for their superb efforts.
New American. Center City. $$. PM. Dining Room. PM. Outdoor Cheftivus: Alex Yoon of Little Fish (Philadelphia, PA) Japanese. Fishtown.
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Charles Storrier Stearns and Ellamae Sheppard were married in and started their life together in one of the grand homes that proliferated in the South Orange Grove area of Pasadena at that time. Theirs was a three-story Georgian mansion built in the early s. It was situated on an estate covering over seven city lots, extending almost an entire block on Arlington Drive between Orange Grove Avenue and Pasadena Avenue. Charles was 61 years old and Ellamae was fifty-nine. It was his second marriage and her third. Charles was born in Hartford, Connecticut inHis father was a distinguished physician of some renown, with a number of published works on the treatment of the insane. His portrait hangs at Yale University. In Charles took up residence in France, with homes in both Nice and Paris. When he renewed his passport in he described himself as a retired capitalist.
Rikumo Field Trip: Shofuso Japanese House and Garden
Please contact us to customize a tour for you and your friends! Tour the former country estate of Henry Francis du Pont and the premier museum of American decorative arts.Explore the expertly designed naturalistic gardens then browse through the extensive research library. Nestled on 1, acres of meadows, woodlands and hilly landscape is the room former home of the du Pont family, which is as it was when they resided there.
The Horticulture Center, a modern exhibition hall and greenhouse, is located in beautiful West Fairmount Park. The Center was built in and sits on the site of the former Horticultural Hall and the Centennial Exposition building.
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The America's Garden Capital Passport is an exclusive guide to exploring the region's public gardens. Use the Passport to log garden visits to all 37 gardens located here in America's Garden Capital! Organized by geographic region, the Passport provides need-to-know information and must-visit experiences at each garden. Treasure your garden memories by collecting stamps, stickers, code words, and staff signatures, and draw your own pictures at each of the gardens. America's Garden Capital Passports are available at our individual gardens, while supplies last. Please check individual gardens websites for hours of operation.
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Horton, Pacific Horticulture Fall , many of the great estates installed Japanese gardens. Some were small tea gardens, consisting of a Japanese teahouse.
10 Best Philadelphia Gardens and Arboretums
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Shofuso Japanese House and GardenRELATED VIDEO: Shofuso Japanese House and Garden, Philadelphia, USA
We are free to enter, but sign-in is necessary. Please, do not forget to complete your sign-in before each visit! Hours and days are weather permitting. Do NOT leave any valuables in your vehicle if you intend to drive. ABOUT: Along the Schuylkill River, Fairmount Water Works was built between and to provide safe, clean drinking water to a city on the cusp of remarkable growth and was in operation until
Following the illuminated trail, perhaps you stood to admire the distant and beautiful Elizabeth Hubert Malott Japanese Garden.
Northfield, Minn. In an effort to determine the gardens most worth visiting, the journal surveyed 39 Japanese garden specialists in Europe, North America and Australia, and Carleton's garden was ranked number seven among more than public gardens. Carleton's Japanese garden is highlighted for its "grace, human scale, and contemplative atmosphere. The specialists were asked to identify the highest-quality Japanese gardens, and to avoid selecting gardens simply because they were large or well-known. According to the article, the specialists seemed to favor gardens displaying intimate traits such as subtleness, natural beauty, moderation and human scale.
The Japanese American National Museum will premiere its latest exhibition, Landscaping America: Beyond the Japanese Garden , which explores the history and influence of Japanese-style gardens and Japanese American gardeners on the American landscape, on Sunday, June 17, and running through January 6,Since the first Japanese-style garden was exhibited at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, interest in Japanese garden traditions has grown stronger and more popular in America. West Coast Japanese Americans, drawing upon their historic connection to agriculture and their cultural heritage, found themselves as the foremost interpreters of those traditions, but also were compelled to adapt to the local horticulture and landscapes. Landscaping America presents the personal stories, community histories and creativity that led to an Americanized Japanese-style garden tradition in which Japanese Americans turned their gardening jobs into a distinctive vocational niche.