The plum or Prunus domestica belongs to the Rosaceae family. This delicate fruit with smooth skin is to be savored during the summer period.
Its tree, the plum tree, can reach 5 to 6 meters high, it appreciates sunny lands.
The PACA, Midi-Pyrénées and Rhône Alpes regions supply France with plums.
We all know the famous Reine-claude, but there are however many other varieties of plums of diverse colors such as the mirabelle (yellow), the quetsche (blue) or the toothed and many others.
This delicious, sweet fruit is a gold mine. As well on our plates as for our skin and our health.
> Read also: how to grow plums well
The plum, for the record
The origin of the plum is not yet clear today. Some find him origins in Asia.
However, we know that the plum arrived in France during the Middle Ages. And it was during the Renaissance that she was appreciated.
Claude of France, one of Francis I's wives, particularly adored plums, hence the name of the variety "Reine-claude".
The plum has traveled a lot. Indeed, plum pits have been found on archaeological sites. In addition, the Egyptians deposited dried plums in the tombs of the pyramids.
Plum was also widely cultivated in Syria, where the Crusaders were arrested. According to legend, they only brought back plum trees from their trip, which is how the expression "go for plums" was born.
The plum and its benefits and virtues
The plum, the friend of our transit:
Very rich in fiber, plum is a powerful laxative. Ideal in case of constipation and intestinal disorders to speed up transit.
Its dried fruit, prune, is also highly recommended for purifying the digestive tract.
Recommendation: To regulate your transit, eat two to four prunes each morning.
Plum is also a very good diuretic. Sip of water at 83%, it hydrates and reduces urinary disorders and allows the return of urination.
Plums are very good for the heart:
They regulate blood pressure, thanks to the presence of potassium. But they also reduce bad cholesterol levels, for the well-being of our arteries.
So the plums limit the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Eat plums or prunes to make full of anti-oxidants :
Indeed, they are rich in anti-oxidants, thus protecting our cells from damage caused by free radicals: the development of cancer cells, the premature aging of the skin and cells.
Indication: drink prune juice.
Athletes love it. Plum is a real source of'energy. However, diabetics don't overdo it. The plum remains very sweet and the prune even more so.
It is recommended to eat plums in case of anemia and severe fatigue.
Plum provides you with interesting amounts of vitamins A, B, C and E, to stimulate your memory and the defense of your body. As well as many essential minerals: potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus.
We recommend eating plum and prune in case of constipation, tired, physical activity, to strengthen the bone density and avoid l‘Osteoporosis,
- Did you know? The prune is quite simply a plum, type of Ente, dried, quenched. However, it is sweeter. But offers the same virtues as the plum.
Plum in the kitchen
Calorie intake of plum: 46 to 60 kcal / 100 g according to the varieties.
Its lipid intake is reasonable: 0.28 g / 100 g while his contribution in carbohydrate is more important (9.6g per 100g)
Plum is also rich in potassium, vitamin C and B9 but also in beta-carotene.
The plum, this delicious sweet fruit, can be eaten raw or cooked.
With plums we make excellent jams and compotes.
> Try the recipe for plum jam to garden smart.
But also very good pies. (Smart gardening advice to remove any acidity: line your shortbread dough with as much flour as sugar).
We also like plums in fruit salads, in clafoutis, in crumbles.
Prunes go very well with your meats or in the famous lamb tagine.
Brown the plums over low heat. Add vanilla sugar and flaked almonds. Enjoy as you wish, cold or hot with fromage blanc.
Roast with prunes: Cut up your roast. Between each slice of meat place a slice of hamburger cheese. And place prunes in your dish before putting it in the oven.
As an aperitif, sweet and savory prune skewers: alternate on a mini skewer, Bayonne ham with a square of melon and half a prune.
The plum and its beauty tips:
We also like plum for its virtues in cosmetology.
The astringent properties of plums help to close enlarged skin pores and restore radiance to your skin.
Smart gardening advice: Crush plums without the skin and apply the resulting puree to your clean face. Let apply and rinse after about twenty minutes.
For blemish-free skin: apply plum juice to your face by dabbing with a cotton ball and rinse.
Store the plums :
This fragile fruit does not keep very long. Consume it quickly.
To increase their shelf life, keep them cool in the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator.
> Read also: how to grow plums well